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Mar 31,  · Valerie Smith, 18, a cheerleader for New York Cheer, an All-Star squad based on Long Island, was competing with a broken nose sustained in a Author: BILL PENNINGTON. The Booming Business of Cheerleading. More over, gymnastics and soccer, 'all star' cheerleaders begin at age 3, and parents pay thousands of dollars for elite club programs. ShowTyme Cheer & Dance, which held a competition at the Northern Kentucky Convention Center in January, also specializes in “production style” competitions. Newsela is an Instructional Content Platform that supercharges reading engagement and learning in every subject.


As Cheerleaders Soar Higher, So Does the Danger - The New York Times


Emergency room visits for cheerleading injuries nationwide have more than doubled since the early s, far outpacing the growth in the number of cheerleaders, and the rate of life-threatening injuries has startled researchers. Of catastrophic injuries sustained by female high school and college athletes from to — head and spinal trauma that occasionally led to death — more than half resulted from cheerleading, according to the National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research.

All sports combined did not surpass cheerleading. New acrobatic maneuvers have turned cheerleaders into daredevils. And while the sport has retained its sense of glamour, at dozens of competitions around the country, knee braces and ice bags affixed cheer articles ankles and wrists have become accouterments as common as mascara, cheer articles.

With more than four million participants cheering at everything from local youth football games to the N. If all goes well, the airborne cheerleader, cheer articles, known as the flier, cheer articles, is caught by other cheerleaders.

But not always. Jessica Smith, an year-old cheerleader at Sacramento City College, cheer articles, broke her neck in two places five months ago when a botched stunt dropped her headfirst from a height of about 15 feet.

After trying the stunt once, Smith said, she was uncomfortable trying it again. She relented when coaxed by her teammates. I hit and heard my neck crack. I was screaming after that. Smith fractured two vertebrae. She endured two months with a halo device bolted to her skull that held her head and neck in place. Although her neck is healing and she has complete use of her arms and legs, she has dropped out of school and her movements remain highly restricted. She said she rarely sleeps at night, awakened by recurring flashbacks of the accident.

Smith has sued Sacramento Cheer articles College for negligence, cheer articles. Amanda Hamilton, a spokeswoman for the college, declined to comment. Higher Degree of Difficulty. Although the number of cheerleaders nationwide has grown an estimated 18 percent sinceresearchers did not examine injury rates until recently.

Shields helped author a cheerleading safety article last year in the journal Pediatrics. There were 22, cheerleading-related injuries treated in emergency rooms inup from 10, inaccording to the Columbus study. The Consumer Product Safety Commission, meanwhile, reported there were nearly six times as many emergency room visits for cheerleaders in than in Noting that many other injuries probably occur but are treated by private physicians without an emergency room visit, Dr.

Leaders of cheerleading organizations counter that with the millions participating, cheerleading is not dangerous for an overwhelming majority, cheer articles. They insist that cheerleading is working hard to become safer. The more athletic, more acrobatic era of cheerleading is widely linked to the s, when hundreds of high school gymnastics teams were dropped, partly because school districts grew weary of paying injury insurance claims for the sport, cheer articles.

Many gifted female gymnasts gravitated toward cheerleading and, with their ability and competitive nature, they soon pushed halftime routines far beyond shaking pompoms and waving banners.

She now uses a wheelchair. InAshley Burns, a year-old from Medford, Mass. View all New York Times newsletters. In addition, cheer articles, less-threatening infirmities — sprains, strains and bruises — make up more than 70 percent of all cheerleading injuries.

But several organizations have made it clear that cheerleading accounts for a disproportionate number of major injuries in youth or college athletics. That made it second only to football. The ratio of cheerleaders to football players is about 12 to After a high-profile injury a year ago to a Southern Illinois cheerleader — her fall from a pyramid during a basketball game was broadcast widely — the N.

The cheer articles mandated the use of mats during more challenging stunts, and most significantly, required college cheer articles to take a safety certification course if the team wanted catastrophic insurance coverage.

Regulations Vary, cheer articles. Inadequate training of coaches is the most frequently cited cause of injuries. Inexperienced coaches will have squads try complex stunts without following accepted step-by-step progressions to acquire the skills required to safely attempt the trick.

While the coaches association has vigorously pushed safety initiatives, it has only so much influence. There are more than 75 cheerleading organizations, varying from state to state and region to region, with their own regulations and competitions. Even in high school cheer articles, there is no uniformity of regulations nationwide and little statewide control.

Many teams routinely do stunts that would be banned in the N. This is largely because most states do not consider cheerleading a sport, so it is not under the aegis of a powerful state athletic association. Instead, cheerleading is labeled an activity, cheer articles by the same state education groups that govern the chess, debate and French clubs.

But many, many schools do not follow our rulebook, and their coaches are not skilled — sometimes with disastrous results. At the grassroots level, private, competitive touring cheerleading clubs, known as All-Stars, have sprung up nationwide.

These cheerleaders, some as young as 5 years old, cheer articles, do not attend games but instead enter dozens of competitions. The level of coaching knowledge and proficiency in private cheerleading programs tends to be far higher, but so is the level of commitment from the cheerleaders.

At competitions, the zest for the sport is evident in a thousand happy faces. Performances are a blur of tumbling bodies, executed to loud, pulsating music. The stunts are breathtaking, like something out of Cirque du Soleil, but there are frequent near collisions, perilous pyramids and many hard landings, cheer articles. An Ultra-Competitive Spirit. Valerie Smith, cheer articles, 18, a cheerleader for New York Cheer, an All-Star squad based on Long Island, was competing with a broken nose sustained in a practice mishap four days earlier.

She wore makeup to conceal her still-blackened eyes. She said elite cheerleaders lived by the same motto. Well, cheer articles athletes throw balls around, cheer articles. We throw other cheerleaders around. Smith expects to continue her cheerleading in college. It is not an unusual sentiment, even for those who have been seriously injured. Chelsea Kossiver, a year-old high school freshman from Satellite Beach, cheer articles, Fla. She avoided paralysis after five hours of emergency surgery that fused vertebrae cheer articles titanium screws, plates and wire.

Jessica Smith, meanwhile, is happy she can now leave her home without the halo device or bulky brace that had been attached to her head and neck. She says she appreciates the simple pleasure of walking in the neighborhood, though she must cheer articles the urge to break into a jog. Smith hopes to resume her college studies this summer. Going out for the cheerleading team has not entered cheer articles mind.

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The Booming Business of Cheerleading | Articles | Cincy Magazine

 

cheer articles

 

The Booming Business of Cheerleading. More over, gymnastics and soccer, 'all star' cheerleaders begin at age 3, and parents pay thousands of dollars for elite club programs. ShowTyme Cheer & Dance, which held a competition at the Northern Kentucky Convention Center in January, also specializes in “production style” competitions. Mar 31,  · Valerie Smith, 18, a cheerleader for New York Cheer, an All-Star squad based on Long Island, was competing with a broken nose sustained in a Author: BILL PENNINGTON. Mar 14,  · In , USA Cheer, the national governing body for sport cheering in the United States, launched the sport of STUNT to create new opportunities for female athletes at the collegiate and high school levels while allowing traditional cheerleading to remain a vital and important part of a school’s spirit program. STUNT combines all of the.